Cited Sources

All cited sources to include statistics, charts, graphs, quotes and statements referenced by the 3Shields School Safety Education training program are derived from the following unclassified open source federal agency publications:

Protecting America’s Schools: U.S. Secret Service Analysis of Targeted School Violence 2019

Final Report of the Federal Commission on School Safety

Issued 18 December 2018

U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS), K-12 School Security; A Guide for Preventing and Protecting Against Gun Violence

Second Edition 2018

Enhancing School Safety Using A Threat Assessment Model – an Operational Guide For Preventing Targeted School Violence

US Secret Service: Making Schools Safer Quick Reference Guide 2018

NTAC July 2018

Making Prevention a Reality; Identifying Assessing and Managing the Threat of Targeted Attacks

US Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation Behavioral Threat Assessment Center National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime Critical Incident Response Group

February 2017

The Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting

2016 Edition

U.S. Dept. of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, A Study of the Pre-Attack Behaviors of Active Shooters in the United States between 2000 and 2013

NIPP 2013 Partnering for Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience

Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions Of Higher Education

U.S. Secret Service National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC)

NYPD Active Shooter Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation

U.S. Dept. of Justice Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice

U.S. Secret Service and Department of Education: Prior Knowledge of Potential School-based Violence

U.S. DHS FEMA IS-360 – Preparing for Mass Casualty Incidents: A Guide for Schools, Higher Education, and Places of Worship

U.S. DHS FEMA IS-914 – Surveillance Awareness: What You Can Do

Additional Statistical Research Sources include U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2019). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2018 (NCES 2019-047), Indicator 19.

Related Tables and Figures: (Listed by Release Date)

Other Resources: (Listed by Release Date)